Main Potentials and Resources of the Council

 Main Potentials and Resources of the Council


Table 45: Natural Resources Matrix in the Belo Council area

No. Natural resource Localisation Potential User Controller Mode of Management access Trends Problems/ constraints Action to be taken
1 Prunus Africana and other endemic exotic/ local tree species (Flora and fauna) -Ijim Plant and Animal Sanctuary

-Mbi Crater in Ndawara Plateau

-Covers 20,000 ha in montane and gallery forests

-Prunus has high medicinal value as a cure for some human diseases

-Illegal bark dealers of Prunus

-Local population


-Wood carvers

-Tradi-practitioners, naturalists and herbalists,

-Farmers and Fulani cattle rearers

MINEP, MINFOF, Traditional Council Local Community Forest Management Institutions (CFMI) -Biodiversity loss


-Illegal hunting

-Encroachment by farmers and graziers

-Bush fires

-Abusive exploitation of Prunus and other forest tree species

-Non respect of forestry management norms

-Sensitise cattle rearers against bush fires burning

-Provide incentives to CFMIs, and Council to assist sustainable forest management

2  Stone quarries, sand pits and other mineral deposits (quartz and precious stones) Acha, Aboh, Mejung, Mujung, Mughom valley Enormous stone quarrying potential in most villages -Illegal quarrying activities by individuals

-Illegal miners

-Local population


-Ministry of Mines

-Belo Council

Free access Dwindling Uncontrolled and illegal extraction Intensify sustainable natural resource management systems
3 Touristic site escarpments, hills and valleys Baingo escarpment, Ndawara plateau, Mbi Crater, Antusi Quarter cliffs and caves -High eco-touristic potential,

-National monument and patrimony


– Foreign tourists

-Council riverine communities

-Local population

MINEP, MINFOF, MINTOUR, MINTRAN-SPORT Free access Degrading hill sides -Poor access roads

-Degradation of sites through poor farming activities

-Maintain foot paths and roads to sites

-Improve on hotel services

-Create Council Zoo

-Government Services to intensify control

4 Rich Biodiversity and medicinal plants Ijim, Mughom gallery forest and valley, Private plantations High utilisation for traditional healing -Tradi-practitioner

-Population of Belo



-Belo Council

-Ministry of Public Health

Free access Over extraction and/ or illegal exploitation -Loss of biodiversity/


-Deforestation and degradation of ecosystems and habitat

Control and sensitisation by MINEP
5 Baicham Mujang reserved forest and marshlands Baicham, Mughom valley -Rice, wheat production

-Cocoa cultivation and other food crops

Local population and riverside communities MINEP, MINFOF Free access and private ownership Under utilisation


-Degradation of landscape,



-Environmental education and sensitisation

-Intensify follow up

6 Natural Forests and Animal Sanctuary Djichami Community Forest and Fungeh/ Mujang Virgin Forests Virgin primary and secondary forests (rich in bio diversity) Local population MINEP, MINFOF Free access Illegal timber exploitation -Degradation of soils,

-Deforestation and loss of bio diversity,


-Environmental education and sensitisation

-Intensify follow up

7 Continental fresh water Aboh hill, Ijim, Djichami, Ndawara plateau, Rivers Ngewi, Mughom, Mufua Extraction and bottling as mineral water

Hydro-electricity generation

-Local population

-Visitors/ tourists



-Ministry of Water and Energy

Free access Decreasing volume/ flow rate -Water catchment destruction

-Climate change and desertification

-Degradation of water resources (pollution from chemicals)

-Create factory to bottle and market water

-Sensitise population on sustainable management of water resources

Source : field survey 2017 by Anembom

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